Share Civil War memorial projects
Meet in groups of 3-4 to share the proposal you created for homework. Nominate one participant from your group to share their project in front of the class.
Read the Thirteenth Amendment
The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution was passed by Congress 31 January 1865 and ratified by the states 6 December 1865. The full text of the amendment is below. It is short, so we will read it together aloud:
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Listen to historian Eric Foner discuss Reconstruction and the Thirteenth Amendment
While you are listening, practice note-taking strategies by:
Watch Eric Foner discuss Reconstruction and the Thirteenth Amendment at the Constitution Center in Philadelphia, Penn. We will watch as much as class time allows and you are welcome to continue watching at home.
Step 1: Image analysis
Step 2: Document analysis
Working with 1-2 partner(s), write brief notes to address the questions on the “Did Lincoln free the slaves?” handout. Note that the documents being analyzed include (A) Lincoln’s letter to Greeley, (B) the Emancipation Proclamation, and (C) Frederick Douglass’s recollection of his meeting with Lincoln.
Feel free to use the two maps below, of the border states (left) and the Emancipation Proclamation (right), for reference.
We will debrief some of these questions together as a class.
Step 3: Graphic organizer
Drawing from the documents and your reading in Foner, continue working with your partner(s) to complete the sheet entitled “Did Lincoln free the slaves? Or did the slaves free themselves?”
Step 4: Debrief
Debrief on news & your holiday:
Today we will be launching unit 4, the Civil War. By the end of this unit we will aim to understand that the Civil War…
(Please note that this class will not focus on battles or military history, but there are courses at Hotchkiss that do, especially “SS425 The American Civil War, 1861-65: From Secession to Reconstruction" with Mr. Ward).
To begin, start by identifying:
"A Brutal Process":
If you have completed reading the book review before your classmates, take a moment to consider the questions above and the maps and charts below:
Distribution of slavery in antebellum United States
Slavery as a portion of the U.S. economy
Value of a slave in 2011 prices