Identify the goals of those pressing for global change in 1919, and of those who opposed them.
Fourteen Points speech was delivered by Wilson to Congress in January 1918 as his vision for a postwar world.
The speech was notable in the way he translated progressive values from domestic to foreign policy.
Competing visions at Versailles:
European Allies, led by British Prime Minister David Lloyd George and French Premier Georges Clemenceau, were furious with Germany after WWI and wanted a treaty that punished Germany and made them pay for the damage of the war.
President Wilson, instead, thought that the treaty should try to lay the groundwork to “end all wars.” He did not think that the Allies should punish Germany too harshly or make a land-grab for German colonies.
Work in small groups to analyze the “Fourteen Points":
First, aim for a concrete understanding of each of the points (though you do not need to examine too closely the geographies described in articles VI-XIII).
Next, create 3-6 “tags” to categorize the fourteen points.
Use these tags to construct a sentence. These sentences will be shared around the table.
For example, if we were discussing mythical animals instead of treaty provisions, your tags might be: "fighting ligers," "unicorn farms," and "Chinese grass-mud horse protection."
Then, your sentence might be: "President Wilson promoted liger combat, unicorn farming, and the protection of Chinese grass-mud horses."
Finally, using Foner and online reference sources, explain whether or not you believe Wilson’s Fourteen Points were substantively reflected in the Treaty of Versailles. Draw on concrete evidence to support your argument.
Describe how the ending and immediate aftermath of World War I sowed the seeds of future twentieth-century conflicts.
To what extent would you fault President Wilson for this outcome?
How might have the Treaty of Versailles been rewritten to reduce the chance for future conflict?