Two important skills practiced by historians are an ability to (a) closely read texts and (b) make sense of new information within the context of existing knowledge. Our task today will help you develop these skills.
For this activity, you may use Foner and your Course Reader but may not consult any other sources or use your computer.
Interpret. Work in small teams of 3-4 students. First, read each of the 8 cards provided to your group to identify what is being said. Then, if possible, jot down any information you might be able to determine on the card about the author or title of the document.
Categorize. Using knowledge drawn from Foner and our previous class discussions, categorize the 8 cards provided: which cards were drawn from the period of Presidential Reconstruction (1865-1866)? Which from the initial phase of Congressional Reconstruction (Late 1866-1870)?
Discuss. Beginning in your small groups, consider the following questions:
Check for understanding #409
Read the Thirteenth Amendment
The full text of the amendment is below. It is short, so we will read it together aloud:
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Watch selection from The Thirteenth (2016)
Today we’re going to look at the Thirteenth Amendment from a forward-looking context. Next class we’ll have an opportunity to look at the period a little more closely.
Link to Netflix (beginning to 1:30:00 remaining).
While you are listening, practice note-taking strategies by:
On Nov. 19, 1863, Lincoln dedicated a national cemetery at Gettysburg. His speech lasted just two minutes but has been remembered as one of the most influential speeches in U.S. history.
It’s a short speech, so we’ll read it together. As we do so, look for . . .
How does Whitman’s sense of the war’s meaning similar and differ from that of Lincoln?
Cast of Characters Individual Writing #4